Fusion is the main energy source in the Universe. It is the origin of the light and heat emitted from stars.

Replicating such a process on Earth in a controlled manner constitutes a crucial scientific challenge for humankind, in its search towards a source of energy safe to use, not fossil-fuel consumer, friendly and respectful with the environment and inexhaustible in practice. More info about fusion.

Currently, the response to this challenge is articulated in three major projects three major projects: ITER, DEMO & IFMIF.

ITER: International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor

A multinational project to prove the scientific and technological viability of nuclear fusion as a source of energy. More info about ITER

DEMO: DEMOnstration Power Plant

A project to demonstrate the economic and commercial feasibility of continuous production of energy, coordinated by the European consortium F4E (Fusion for Energy). More info about DEMO

IFMIF: International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility

A project for a neutron radiation source of energy and fluence similar to those that will exist in DEMO, to study and select the materials that will be needed for that project and in future fusion power plants. More info about IFMIF

IFMIF has several phases:

EVEDA (Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activity), to validate the main technical elements of the facility using prototypes and to develop the detail engineering, within the framework of the EU-Japan bilateral agreement. More info about EVEDA

DONES (DEMO-Oriented Neutron Source), which is a scaled-down version of IFMIF at the European level to characterize structural materials. It is coordinated by EUROfusion, has been catalogued by the ESFRI (European Strategy Forum for Research Infrastructures) as a strategic research infrastructure for Europe, and the Granada area in Spain has been proposed to site the facility.  More about DONES.

Institutions & Organizations Involved